In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. It’s very common in French that if you want to use verbs in a row, they may need to be separated with a preposition (de or à – we’ll get to à another time). du, de la, de l’ and des can all be used to give information about the amount or quantity of a particular thing. Source: p 189, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Fraczak, as part of Adpositions: Pragmatic, Semantic and Syntactic perspectives (2008) edited by D Kurzon, S Adler À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. They are often translated into English as some or any. Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. Example: avoir l’intention + de + infinitif → J’ai l’intention d’ apprendre à jouer au tennis. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. The French preposition de is required after certain verbs and phrases when they are followed by an infinitive. And de is required after many French verbs and phrases that need an indirect object , Keep in mind that de plus a noun can be replaced by the adverbial pronoun en . So, for instance, if something was being done to/with the noun you would use à+infinitive:Il y a un appartement à louer. In French, you choose between du, de la, de l’ and des, depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. The second verbs comes directly after the first verb, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” (Paul loves to play soccer). In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. I intend to start playing tennis. J’ai essayé d’appeler ma mère, mais la ligne était occupée. Certain conjugated verbs must be followed directly by the preposition [DE] before an infinitive verb. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. Whereas if the noun was not undegoing the action you would use de:Nous avons la permission d'entrer. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. Does a passive nuance also influence infinitives when they modify nouns ? In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. Verb + de + infinitive. We already studied common French verbs followed by the prepositions ‘à’ and “de”. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre […] In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. This lesson expands upon the list of common verbs you learned in my free A2 level lesson , and it includes examples for every verb in French with English translations. When to use the infinitive in French. Thanks for the answers. Now, here is a list of common French verbs which are not followed by any preposition when followed by a verb in the infinitive. L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases.In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de.. There is no formula for why these verbs behave like this; they must simply be memorized. The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. But French infinitives are used in a variety of other ways, too. D’Appeler ma mère, mais la ligne était occupée used after a preposition in French English, word! 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